10 Mysteries that could be solved in the next decade

The world is full of unexplained mysteries and unsolved cases that have puzzled people for decades. From ancient archaeological wonders to more recent unsolved crimes, there are many enduring mysteries that continue to captivate our imagination. While some of these mysteries may never be conclusively explained, advances in science, technology and investigative techniques give hope that we may get definitive answers to some of them in the foreseeable future. In this article, we take a look at 10 such enduring mysteries that could potentially be solved within the next 10 years.

The Voynich Manuscript

The Voynich manuscript is an illustrated codex written in an indecipherable script that has defied all attempts at translation or decryption since its discovery in 1912. Carbon dated to the early 1400s, the 240-page vellum book contains botanical, astronomical and balneological (study of baths) drawings along with a written text in an unknown language using an unknown alphabet system. Cryptographers have tried for decades to crack the Voynich code but the strange language remains as mysterious as ever. However, with modern codebreaking techniques and advances in language processing using AI, there is renewed hope that the text could be deciphered within the next decade. Recent studies suggest Hebrew as a probable language while others point to it being a constructed language. If the script can be decoded, it may reveal secrets from medieval times as well as the identity of the author.

The Zodiac Killer

The Zodiac Killer terrorized northern California in the 1960s and 1970s, murdering at least 5 people while taunting the police with letters and cryptic messages. The serial killer was never caught or conclusively identified. In recent years, advancements in forensic technology have allowed law enforcement to extract DNA profiles from the killer’s letters and from the clothing of one of his victims. With widespread adoption of forensic genealogy and access to public DNA databases, authorities may be able to finally crack the case and unmask the identity of the Zodiac Killer within the next few years. The development of new decryption techniques for coded messages may also help shed more light on this mysterious case.

Flight MH370 Disappearance

The disappearance of Malaysia Airlines flight MH370 in March 2014 remains one of the biggest mysteries in aviation history. The plane vanished on course from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing with 239 people on board and its wreckage is yet to be found despite massive search operations. In the absence of any distress signals, the cause of the disappearance and crash remains unknown. However, scientists are optimistic that deteriorating batteries and fading signals from the plane’s black box recorders can still potentially be detected using new advanced tracking technologies. The black boxes contain vital data that can help reconstruct the sequence of events that may have led to the plane’s disappearance. There are also plans to renew search efforts in the coming years with enhanced underwater exploration technologies.

The Wow! Signal

In 1977, an extremely powerful narrowband radio signal of unknown origin nicknamed the ‘Wow! signal’ was intercepted by the Big Ear radio telescope in the United States. The signal lasted for just 72 seconds and has not been detected again despite subsequent searches, so its exact source and nature remains enigmatic. In 2022, project scientists at the Big Ear Telescope are planning to resume the search for the signal using modern technology as part of the ‘Big Ear Continuity Project’. With greater computing power and data processing capabilities, researchers are optimistic about detecting the bizarre signal again which could finally reveal whether it was from an extraterrestrial civilization or some unexplained natural phenomenon.

The Disappearance of Amelia Earhart

Pioneering aviator Amelia Earhart made global headlines in 1937 when she mysteriously disappeared with her navigator Fred Noonan while attempting to circumnavigate the globe in her airplane. Neither Earhart nor her plane were ever found, spawning numerous theories involving crashes, captures and survival on an island as well as wilder conspiracy theories of espionage and cover-ups. In 2021, an explorer claimed he had located Earhart’s plane using sonar technology, though the finding is yet to be verified. As deep sea search capabilities improve in the coming decade, we may finally find conclusive evidence about the fate of Earhart and Noonan. Recently enhanced image analysis of a photograph has also given weight to the theory that the two landed and then perished on the remote Gardner Island.

The Cause of the Dyatlov Pass Incident

In 1959, a group of 9 experienced hikers were found dead under strange circumstances near Dyatlov Pass in the Ural mountains. While some died of hypothermia, others had bizarre physical trauma like fractured skulls and missing eyes – with no external wounds. Speculations about paranormal forces or secret Soviet military tests have swirled for decades but no definitive explanation exists. In 2019, an avalanche was identified as a plausible culprit, but some specifics still remain unexplained. As forensic techniques advance, it may soon be possible to conclusively reconstruct the sequence of events by analyzing bone fragments, clothing and surviving photographs. New evidence could help establish a concrete timeline and cause to finally solve the over 60-year old Dyatlov Pass mystery.

The Lost City of Atlantis

The legendary lost city of Atlantis has captured human imagination for ages. First mentioned by the ancient Greek philosopher Plato, Atlantis was described as a technologically advanced island civilization that sank into the sea in a single day and night. While no conclusive proof of Atlantis has ever been found, several hypothesized sites have been proposed over the years, ranging from the island of Santorini to underwater ruins near Spain. In 2022, an explorer claimed to have identified the sunken remains of Atlantis off the coast of Spain using deep-sea sonar technology. While disputed by archaeologists, advancements in marine archaeology and seafloor mapping could allow comprehensive scans of these sites. This may finally offer definitive evidence within the next decade whether Atlantis was real or merely mythical.

The Identity of Jack the Ripper

One of the most infamous serial killers in history, Jack the Ripper brutally murdered at least 5 women in London in 1888 but was never identified or brought to justice. For over a century, professional sleuths and armchair detectives have tried to crack the case using every clue available. Modern forensic scientists have extracted DNA from blood-stained shawls and letters linked to the murders which could soon help unmask the killer’s identity using genealogy databases. Other promising leads include recent statistical analysis implicating specific suspects based on the locations and timings of the murders. While we may never know the true identity of Jack the Ripper with 100% certainty, accumulated evidence could allow authorities to name the prime suspect in the near future.

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The Fate of the Lost Colony

In 1587, more than 100 men, women and children arrived from England to establish a permanent English settlement on Roanoke Island on the coast of North Carolina. Within 3 years, the entire colony had mysteriously vanished without a trace. The only clue was the word ‘Croatoan’ carved onto the ruins of a fort post. More than 425 years later, the fate of the Lost Colony remains one of early America’s most enduring unsolved mysteries. In 2021, experts began new archaeological excavations on the island using the latest technology including ground-penetrating radar and laser scanning. These techniques can identify any remnants of structures, objects and human remains that can finally explain what befell the Lost Colony sometime between 1587 and 1590.


Humanity has made giant leaps in science and technology in the last century alone. As we continue to unravel mysteries of the universe, there is hope that even some of our greatest historical conundrums may finally find definitive solutions using the advanced tools at our disposal today. While future breakthroughs in fields like artificial intelligence, forensic science, archaeology, cryptography and deep sea exploration cannot be predicted with certainty, they hold immense promise in cracking cases that have confounded generations of experts. We may soon find the answers that have long eluded us and unfold exciting new chapters in humanity’s understanding of its own history and planet. From unravelling coded languages to discovering sunken cities, this could prove to be an illuminating decade of revelations.

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Mohamed SAKHRI
Mohamed SAKHRI

I am Mohamed SAKHRI, the creator and editor-in-chief of this blog, 'Discover the World – The Blog for Curious Travelers.' Join me as we embark on a journey around the world, uncovering beautiful places, diverse cultures, and captivating stories. Additionally, we will delve into mysterious and, at times, even bizarre destinations.

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