Discover the 5 most important monuments of the Italian capital”Rome”

Rome is world famous for being the most important ancient city in Europe. If this city has been the witness of many very significant historical facts, it still keeps today several vestiges of this period of glory. This is also one of the reasons why it is one of the most touristic European cities. Between the famous dolce vita and incredible monuments, Rome is the ideal place for a short getaway of a few days. Change of scenery guaranteed!


  • 1) The Colosseum
  • 2) The Vatican
  • 3) The Roman forum
  • 4) The Trevi Fountain
  • 5) The Pantheon in Rome
  • Opt for a guided tour of Rome so you don’t miss a thing

1) The Colosseum

colosseum rome
Credits: Public Domain Pictures / Guy Percival

The Colosseum is certainly the most famous and visited monument of the Italian capital. Its construction began between 70 and 72 . It was a great meeting place since you could see gladiator fights . Considered the largest amphitheater in the Roman Empire , historians estimate that the Colosseum was capable of holding 50,000 people . Although it is today very damaged by the various earthquakes, it is still very impressive and remains despite everything an emblem of Rome.

2) The Vatican

Vatican Rome
Credits: Pxhere

The Vatican is a country that is located in the heart of Rome. It is the smallest state in the world as well as the least populated (only 804 people in 2017). The Vatican is nevertheless known worldwide for being the seat of the papacy and of the Catholic world . It is therefore here that the Pope himself lives and where all religious life is governed. If it is a must for Catholics, it is also a place that you absolutely must discover as a tourist as its history and its Roman archaeological sites are rich. We find in particular the Basilica of Saint Peter , the Sistine Chapel with the famous fresco painted on the ceiling by Michelangelo or the Vatican Museums which are full of wonders.

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3) The Roman Forum

Roman Forum
Credits: Wikipedia

Also located in the heart of the city, the Roman forum is one of the most essential archaeological sites in Rome. In ancient Rome, it was as important religiously as politically . Indeed, weddings , gladiator fights , military parades or political proclamations . Unlike other monuments in the region, the Roman forum has always undergone changes and has developed gradually over time. There are several other important monuments there, such as the Temple of Concord , the Temple of Vespasian , the Temple of Saturn and the Basilica Julia .

4) The Trevi Fountain

Trevi Fountain
Credits: Pxhere

Considered the largest and most famous fountain in Rome , the Trevi Fountain was built between 1732 and 1762 in a Baroque style . High of more than 26 meters , it is very impressive to see. Moreover, it is one of the most popular monuments for tourists. There is also a very well-known custom which consists of throwing a coin into with the right hand with your back to the fountain. This simple gesture would assure the person who made it to return to the city and find the part in question there. This habit then spread to many other fountains in all cities of the world.

5) The Pantheon in Rome

Discover the 5 most important monuments of the Italian capital”Rome”
Credits: Wikimedia Commons

The Pantheon in Rome is the largest monument that has managed to remain almost intact despite the passage of time and the fact that it has always been used since its construction. It is a religious building that has the largest dome of all antiquity with a diameter of 43.30 meters inside. If it was used during the Renaissance as a tomb , the Pantheon in Rome is now a church that hosts all kinds of religious events.

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Opt for a guided tour of Rome so you don’t miss a thing

The advantages of the guided tour are numerous. This way of visiting a city or a museum allows tourists to reinforce their knowledge but also to discover many anecdotes about a place, monuments, a painting or an event. The guide must clearly define the objectives of each visit and its potential activities, as well as the route, its duration, the itinerary and the instructions to follow.

The guided tour can be followed using an electronic device such as an audio guide , or even better, by following the advice of a tourist guide . This qualified person can offer you a guided tour in a group, or even privately. A way to take full advantage of the site and become knowledgeable on the subject! In addition to benefiting from advantages such as a shorter wait in queues , for example. The private guide can also customize your itinerary according to your desires and interests.

One of the other advantages of choosing the guided tour during your travels is also the saving of time and freedom: in terms of planning, the pressure is no longer on you! You don’t waste any more time planning your days of visit , everything is already planned by your guide, you just have to follow with a clear mind to make the most of your stay abroad !

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Mohamed SAKHRI
Mohamed SAKHRI

I am Mohamed SAKHRI, the creator and editor-in-chief of this blog, 'Discover the World – The Blog for Curious Travelers.' Join me as we embark on a journey around the world, uncovering beautiful places, diverse cultures, and captivating stories. Additionally, we will delve into mysterious and, at times, even bizarre destinations.

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