Pyramids of Algeria

The Pyramids of Algeria, also known as the Jeddars or Djeddar, are a group of unique ancient monuments located in Algeria. Here are the key points about these fascinating structures:

Location and Number: There are 13 pyramid tombs situated on two hills near the city of Tiaret, about 250 kilometers (155 miles) southwest of Algiers, the capital of Algeria.

Pyramids of Algeria

Structure: These monuments have a square stone base topped with an angular mound, giving them a pyramid-like appearance. They vary in size, with the largest reaching heights of up to 18 meters (60 feet).

Time Period: The Jeddars were constructed between the 4th and 7th centuries CE, making them the last of their kind to be built before the arrival of Islam in the region.

Purpose: While their exact purpose is still debated, many scholars believe these tombs were built as final resting places for Berber royalty.

Interior Design: The tombs contain at least one room each, with the largest mound featuring a labyrinth of 20 compartments, including funerary chambers. Some have intricate interior designs, including Christian symbols, hunting scenes, and animal figures carved above doors.

Historical Context: The Jeddars were built during a period of great unrest in the region, as the Western Roman Empire was collapsing and various groups, including Vandals, Byzantines, and Arabs, were invading North Africa.

Research Status: Despite their historical significance, these monuments remain shrouded in mystery due to a lack of comprehensive research. Some have never been entered due to structural deterioration.

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Preservation Efforts: Algerian authorities and archaeologists are working to have the Jeddars listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site to ensure their preservation and facilitate further study.

Unique Features: The Jeddars are considered unique because they represent the evolution of burial practices in the area, from simple mounds (tumuli) to more complex stone-walled tombs (bazinas).

Local Legend: According to local folklore, these monuments were built by giants known as Djohala or Djouhala, who inhabited the area long before the advent of Islam in the region.

The Pyramids of Algeria represent a significant archaeological treasure that offers insights into the region’s ancient history and culture. However, more research is needed to fully understand their origins, purpose, and historical context.

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Mohamed SAKHRI
Mohamed SAKHRI

I am Mohamed SAKHRI, the creator and editor-in-chief of this blog, 'Discover the World – The Blog for Curious Travelers.' Join me as we embark on a journey around the world, uncovering beautiful places, diverse cultures, and captivating stories. Additionally, we will delve into mysterious and, at times, even bizarre destinations.

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